Policy Advantage

It’s an age old problem – have a policy but it isn’t used. The 2016 Ghana Code for Prosecutors sets out the evidence on which a decision is taken to prosecute must be reliable, relevant, admissible and available (‘Evidence Test’) and in the public interest ( ‘Public Interest Test’). Application of the Evidence and Public…

International Cooperation Working Group – Romania

For the last three days I have co-chaired a working group of Romanian, German, Belgian and Italian Prosecutors as part of a project to strengthen the institutional capacity of the Romanian DIICOT (Directorate for Investigating Organized Crime and Terrorism). The focus has been judicial cooperation in the EU and the development of a practical Handbook…

Extradition Expert Working Group – Kenya

I was honoured to chair an EU funded Expert Working Group (EWG) to enhance extradition in the Greater Horn of Africa. The EWG, hosted in the stunning surrounds of the International Peace Support Training Centre, discussed the impact of procedural errors, how to manage urgent requests and sustainable reform to meet these and other challenges…

EuroMed Justice – Brussels

The Second EuroMed Conference was an opportunity to present and receive comments on the completed Legal and Gap Analyses on Cybercrime, Terrorist Financing and Special Investigation Techniques for the Southern Partner Countries (SPC) – Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestine and Tunisia. With each SPC, the European Commission, UNODC, IAP, UN-CTED, Eurojust and EJN…

The Future of Mutual Legal Assistance in the Commonwealth

I was honoured to present a background paper for the Commonwealth Secretariat at the First Meeting of Commonwealth Heads of Central Authorities and the Commonwealth Network of Contact Persons – held in London on 15-16 February 2018. The paper outlines recommendations to reduce Mutual Legal Assistance delays – through better use of Information Communication Technology…

Lawful Access to Data Across Borders – UNODC/CTED/IAP Global Guide

Almost all organised crime and counter-terrorism investigations will require electronic evidence – often located in another State. Yet – to date – there is no single resource on how to secure this vital evidence from priority jurisdictions around the world. Over the last two days – UNODC hosted an Expert Group Meeting in Vienna to…

Networking in the Greater Horn of Africa

In a conference room in Uganda six months ago, the EU team contemplated the next step to establish the Greater Horn of Africa Mutual Legal Assistance Network. We decided upon an ambitious strategy to have an equivalent of the European Judicial Network – with a Fiches and Contact Points. To be proactive rather than reactive….

Equality of Arms?

Justice is measured on access, transparency, fairness, equality and objectivity – we should also remember participation. Section 132(2)(c) of the Ghana Criminal Procedure Code, 1960 (Act 30) precludes the right to reply for a Police Prosecutor of less than three years call as a lawyer. This means if an accused’s Attorney is 1 years call…

Djiboutian Fiches

The last EU Mutual Legal Assistance workshop of the year has produced a Fiches for Djibouti on evidence collection and use of Special Investigation Techniques for Requesting States. Over a week, key Djiboutian stakeholders from the Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Gendarmerie, Investigative Judges and Prosecutors – plus an expert from the French…

Somalia – Mutual Legal Assistance Workshop

Ama waa la muuqdaa, ama waa la maqnaada Either be visible or be absent We flew to Mogadishu International Airport (MIA) three weeks after Somalia suffered its worst terrorist attack on 14 October when a large truck bomb exploded in central Mogadishu killing at least 358 people. Somalia was once again back in the global…

Djibouti – Mutual Legal Assistance Training

‘Locus regit actum’ Djibouti is the third smallest country in continental Africa, after Swaziland (second smallest) and Gambia (smallest). Its geographic location makes it a strategically important area – bordered by Eritrea to the north, Somaliland to the south east and the Gulf of Aden lies to the east with Yemen less than 27 kilometres…